Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
What is PRP?
Platelet Rich Plasma(PRP) is concentrated from your own blood which contains healing factors, such as growth factors and stem cell markers. As PRP is a procedure where blood is taken from your own body, there is little to no risk when conducted by a trained professional. It is the most common procedure and patient who consulted had excellent results.
PRP for hair loss
The total process can last upto 20 to 30 minutes.
How does it Work?
If there is any wound on the body, the platelets engulf in the site to form a clot, get activated and release different growth factors for the restoration of the site. These Growth factors also lead effective hair growth and thus play a major role before the Hair Transplantation process.
The various growth factors that help in Hair Growth are:
- EGF : Epidermal Growth Factor.
- FGF : Fibroblast Growth Factors.
- PDGF : Platelet Derived Growth Factors.
- PDAGF : Platelet Derived Angiogenesis Growth Factors.
- VEGF : Vascular Endothelial Angiogenesis Growth Factors.
The growth factors stimulate collagen and new blood vessels are generated from the white blood corpuscles (WBC). The WBCs are present in the wounded region to assist in fighting against bacteria and other pathogens to prevent infections.
Thus, the Platelet Rich Plasma amplifies the naturally occurring wound, which is then healed by the WBCs and Platelets received.
Miniature hairs are present on bald scalps (irrespective of the region of baldness), which indicates the presence of hair roots in an inactive form.
Inactive hair under external stimulus can become active and grow. PRP acts as this external trigger which enables the miniature inactive hair roots to become thicker and start growing.PRP is sought after as an effective tool for hair restoration through growth.
From a peripheral vein, 20 ml of blood is collected and transferred to a test tube containing sodium citrate. The test tubes are placed in a centrifuge and processed to obtain the PRP (platelet concentration is much greater, five times the normal value). Using a derma roller, multiple miniature holes are created in the scalp. The PRP is then injected in the scalp or using mesogun, it is delivered.
PRP guidelines for hair loss: 6 treatments at 4 weeks apart. To maintain results an additional treatment is recommended every 6-12 months.